The ASAP 2020 is capable of physisorption or chemisorption analyses
The basics of the analytical technique are simple; a sample contained in an evacuated sample tube is cooled (typically) to cryogenic temperature, then is exposed to analysis gas at a series of precisely controlled pressures. With each incremental pressure increase, the number of gas molecules adsorbed on the surface increases. The pressure at which adsorption equilibrium occurs is measured and the universal gas law is applied to determine the quantity of gas adsorbed.
As adsorption proceeds, the thickness of the adsorbed film increases. Any micropores in the surface are quickly filled, then the free surface becomes completely covered, and finally larger pores are filled. The process may continue to the point of bulk condensation of the analysis gas. Then, the desorption process may begin in which pressure systematically is reduced resulting in liberation of the adsorbed molecules. As with the adsorption process, the changing quantity of gas on the solid surface is quantified.These two sets of data describe the adsorption and desorption isotherms. Analysis of the isotherms yields information about the surface characteristics of the material.
Chemical adsorption is an interaction much stronger than physical ad-sorption. In fact, the interaction is an actual chemical bond where electrons are shared between the gas and the solid surface. While physical adsorption takes place on all surfaces if temperature and pressure conditions are favorable, chemisorption only occurs on certain surfaces and only if these sur-faces are clean. Chemisorption, unlike physisorption, ceases when the adsorbate can no longer make direct contact with the surface; it is therefore a single layer process.
Below is Part 1 of our webinar on physical adsorption. Parts 2 and 3 can be found on our Archived Webinars webpage.